Thursday, November 05, 2009

U.S. Congressman from Missouri screws up the Pledge

After giving a little speech about the phrase "one nation, under God" being added to the Pledge of Allegiance, and stating that this affirmation drives liberals crazy (e.g. creating a division), U.S. Congressman Todd Akin messes up the Pledge by forgetting the part, "indivisible". Coincidence? I'm sure it is. But that sure is pretty ironic.



But the Congressman also has a number of his facts incorrect. The phrase in the Pledge, "one nation under God" was NOT first delivered publicly on the steps of the U.S. Capitol by President Eisenhower. It was first coined publicly by a Chicago area Chaplin, Louis A. Bowman, in a meeting of the Illinois Society of the Sons of the American Revolution as the Pledge in 1948...six years before it was adopted nationally in 1954. And only "under God" was actually added to the previous revision.

In fact, the version with "under God" added is the FIFTH revision of the Pledge of Allegiance. The original version from 1892 by the Baptist minister Francis Bellamy, publishing it in a magazine called The Youth's Companion in celebration of the 400th anniversary of Christopher Columbus' discovery of America, is this:

"I pledge allegiance to my flag and the republic for which it stands: one nation indivisible with liberty and justice for all."



After four revisions, which you can read about below, the fifth version is, of course, this:

"I pledge allegiance to the flag of the United States of America and to the republic for which it stands: one nation under God, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all."



Sources:
Wikipedia. "Pledge of Allegiance" http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pledge_of_Allegiance
Baer, Dr. John W. (1992). "The Pledge of Allegiance: A Short History" http://oldtimeislands.org/pledge/pledge.htm
USHistory.org. "The Pledge of Allegiance" http://www.ushistory.org/documents/pledge.htm